The Department of Ophthalmology of the School of Medicine of the University of Puerto Rico offers an Ophthalmology Training Program for Medical graduates from approved institutions since 1955. The program has been always fully approved, formerly, by the Medical Council of the American Medical Association, the American Board of Ophthalmology; lately by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The official residency training is a 3 years program.

Residency Training Program

The Residency Training Program of the University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine is carried out in four affiliated institutions, located in the Puerto Rico Medical Center: namely the University District Hospital, the San Juan Medical Hospital Dr. Rafael Lopez Nussa, the Hospital of the University of Puerto Rico at Carolina and Veterans Administration Hospital. The first is the main teaching hospital for the School of Medicine of University of Puerto Rico. All the patients at the four institutions are available for undergraduate and post graduate teaching.

The services of ophthalmology at the affiliated hospitals are very active. Some 32,000 patients are examined in the clinics and an average of 1,200 major operations are performed annually, in addition to some 2,000 Laser procedures.

A formal eight weeks Basic Course in Ophthalmology is given each year to our interns and a large group of Latin American Ophthalmology residents. It is held between February and March. The Basic Course was organized in 1966. Instruction emphasizes the fundamentals of the basic and clinical sciences. It is provided to the students through lectures, demonstrations and laboratory work. The faculty consist of twenty-seven visiting Professors and members of our Department.

All residents also participate in a formal structural didactic educational program which includes Journal Clubs, Department Conferences, Grand rounds and Pathology Conferences. Scholastic activity and research projects are encouraged.

Rotation through general, subspecialty clinics and emergency services provides extensive experience n every aspect of ophthalmology practice, with the benefit of faculty supervision. The surgical rotations progress from observation to performance of cases under faculty supervision. The case load is sufficient to allow the development of proficiency in anterior and posterior segment surgery.



The faculty includes 26 members. Every subspecialty in ophthalmology, including pathology as well as neuro-ophthalmology and orbital surgery is covered by at least the one faculty member, although most participate in a part-time basis.


All affliated institutions have an operating room fully equipped for ophthalmic procedures. The residency program also has an affiliation with a private ambulatory surgical facility.


The outpatient area at the parent facility includes six fully equipped lanes. There are also additional spaces for retinal photography, angiography, perimetry, biometry and ultrasonography. Two Argon Lasers and a Yag-Laser are available.


The department occupies half a floor of the medical school housing administrative offices, resident offices, and classrooms.